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When you buy car insurance, your insurer should ask how you plan on using your vehicle. This affects the class of use of your insurance policy and its cost. So it's important you declare the correct information and stay honest with your insurer.

But what are the different classes of use and how do they impact your car insurance policy? Let's take a look.

Elderly driver behind the wheel of their car

When you buy car insurance, you need to accurately describe how you use your car to determine its class of use. Broadly speaking, there are 6 classes of use and these could affect the price you pay:

Here's how much policies cost to insure for the different classes of use, on average:

Class of use Average insurance cost*
Social only
Social and commuting
Class 1 business
Class 2 business
Class 3 business

If you incorrectly describe how you use your car, you could be under insured. This means your insurance company could refuse your claim.

Of course, you don't want to pay more than you need, but you don’t want to be under insured, either. So, it’s important to be accurate.

Ask yourself, do you need cover just for visiting family and friends? Or do you drive to work and leave your vehicle in a public place?

And don’t forget, the usual comprehensive and third-party, fire and theft options are available in each insurance category.


Social-only cover is more generous than it sounds. It’s also known as social, domestic and pleasure or ‘SDP’.

Social use covers all non-work driving. This generally includes shopping, day trips and holidays, plus visits to friends and family.

If you think you're going to include the odd trip to the office, then you might want to consider social and commuting.

Social and commuting

This social, domestic and pleasure including commuting (SDP+C) car category offers additional cover for a single place of work. You also get social cover for your time away from work.

If you drop someone off at a railway station on the way to your job, this should be included in your cover.

If you drive to the train station and then hop on a train to work, you should also be covered here.

The ‘commuting’ bit here is important. By driving to a train station and dropping off your car in the car park, you’re leaving it in a public place.

This is compared with, say, locking it up outside your home.

While the above distinctions look slight, it could be a big deal for insurers because the risk of theft and damage rises.

So where possible, always be honest and keep the risk of invalidating your policy down.

If you have several different workplaces or drive long distances across the country for work, this type of cover isn't enough.

Class 1 business car insurance

Many of us need to drive for work but working life arrangements on the road might vary.

Class 1 business car insurance is the most popular business car protection as it covers a range of basics. You’re also covered for social, domestic and pleasure as well as driving to and from work.

Class 1 business cover means you should be covered for short business trips between different sites.

So, if you’re a freelance musician doing a few monthly gigs, for example, this should cover you.

Some business car insurance policies might also cover your spouse. But it’s worth checking to make sure beforehand.

If you have any named drivers on the policy, they might not be covered for any business-related use.

Class 1 business cover doesn’t usually include door-to-door sales work or deliveries where lots of stop-start driving is common.

If you're looking for this type of cover but on a shorter term basis, temporary business car insurance could be what you're after.

Class 2 business car insurance

For extra business driving protection, class 2 includes named drivers on your policy. This means that adding a co-worker, for example, is straightforward.

You’ve also got all the benefits of Class 1 included. Named drivers must use the vehicle for the same business as the policyholder.

Class 3 business car insurance

If you’re on the road a lot as part of your job, your class of use may come under class 3 business.

Class 3 business use provides cover for long-distance driving and light goods transportation, as long as it's part of your job.

As an example, this cover might be right for sales professionals driving long distances.

This cover might also be right for those who visit multiple clients a day, such as community healthcare workers. Or perhaps building inspectors and architects driving across the country for site visits.

But class 3 business use might not be suitable for taxi drivers, delivery drivers or driving instructors. These driving professions need commercial insurance, which sits in a specialist category.

If you’re driving patients or their relatives in a work role, you might need commercial insurance too. This category includes part-time commercial driving.


Quite a lot of commercial policies cover areas that might overlap with business use insurance, but they're not the same.

Commercial car insurance covers people who depends on the vehicle solely for their job, and not how they get to their place of work.

Commercial cover is for you if you're on the road most of the day carrying people or goods for your work. The category is typically named 'carriage of goods for hire and reward'.

This generally includes driving instructors or taxi drivers. There’s usually a great deal of stop-start driving involved.

If you’re transporting goods, insurers often label this as courier insurance, which often involves light vans.

Declaring the wrong class of use on your policy risks invalidating any future claims, or even the policy itself. If you've deliberately misled your insurer for a cheaper car insurance price, it could even be considered to be committing fraud.

If you start to use your car for work purposes, make sure you contact your insurance provider. Let them know in advance and make changes to the policy if you need to.

It also works the other way. If you’re working from home more, then your risk might be less. This could help lower your insurance costs.

While it might seem picky, accidents involving business use tend to be more expensive compared with social-only use.

More miles and more time on the road simply mean a higher chance of accidents – and more risk.

So as a broad principle, be honest and accurate with how you use your car, and update your policy if your circumstances change.

Start by making sure you have the right class of use and then take a hard look at any extras.

Here are 8 ideas that could slash your car insurance costs further:

  • Do you really need the policy with a load of add-ons including breakdown and legal cover? A more basic package where you pay separately for your car insurance extras could work out cheaper.
  • Can you lower your annual mileage limit, say from 12,000 miles a year to 10,000 miles? Perhaps even lower. Lots of us are working from home more often these days. Remember it's important to be accurate with your mileage, though.
  • If you’re a young driver, are you still using a black box policy? Some telematics policies could end up being more expensive once all the fees and charges are added. Standard insurance could be cheaper for some after a while. Why not compare car insurance policies and see for yourself?
  • Could you pay your insurance costs up-front in full, rather than in monthly instalments? If you pay monthly, you generally pay more overall.
  • Insurers tend to increase policy costs on modified cars. Anything that changes the value or performance of your car could increase your insurance costs. So think carefully before enhancing your car.
  • Compare car insurance quotes around 3 weeks before your policy runs out. If you renew the day before you could pay more. Being more organised tends to see the biggest reward in terms of your insurance costs.
  • Keep your car parked in a well-lit, secure area off the road. The better your car security is, the harder your car is to steal and so the lower your costs could be.
  • Check your job title. Some insurance providers have higher costs for certain occupations, which is reasonable enough. But if you’ve got a job an insurer considers ‘high risk’, there might be an alternative title that more accurately reflects your role.

For more tips, check out our guide on how to lower the cost of your car insurance.

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* data. July 2022 - June 2023. Comprehensive policies only



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