Looking for your next motorcycle but don’t want to pay top prices for a brand-new model? Buying a second-hand motorbike could be a more cost-effective way to enjoy the thrill of riding.
But as is the case when buying any pre-owned vehicle, there are several potential issues to consider.
Here’s everything you need to know about buying a used motorcycle.
Pros of buying a used motorcycle
The price of a used motorcycle is probably the main attraction to buying a motorbike second-hand. But there are a variety of positives to consider:
Cheaper prices: The value of a new motorbike plummets the moment it leaves the dealership. Even models that are a year or 2 old are likely to be less expensive second-hand.
Lower motorbike insurance costs: The less a motorcycle costs, the less you're likely to pay for your motorbike insurance. This is because your insurance costs are partly based on the cost of replacing your ride in the event it's stolen or damaged.
More choice: Buying a used motorbike, you often have more options to choose from. There could be makes and models of all ages available.
Better return on value: The depreciation rate is much lower than with a brand-new motorcycle. When you decide to sell, you might not lose as much as with a new model.
Cons of buying a used motorcycle
There are also potential downsides to buying a used motorcycle:
Outdated technology: You’re unlikely to get the full manufacturer’s warranty or the latest technology that improves the motorbike's safety or comfort.
Less reliable: When buying a used motorbike, you need to make sure it fits the seller’s description. You also need to check its overall condition, mileage and when it was last serviced.
Uncertain history: It's vital you ask about the history of the motorbike. Specifically, find out whether it's been involved in any accidents and where it actually came from.
If you're unsure what kind of motorbike might be most suitable for you, take a look at our guide to the different types of motorcycles.
Should I buy a motorcycle through a dealer or private seller?
When buying a second-hand motorbike, you can either buy it from a private seller or a from a used-motorbike dealer. Most online listings of used motorcycles combine private and dealership sales. But it’s useful to understand the differences between buying through a dealer and buying from a private seller.
Buying from a motorcycle dealer
- Buying through a dealer, you can expect to get some kind of warranty on the motorbike. That’s in addition to a greater degree of legal protection under consumer protection laws.
- With a dealer, you might also be able to offer your current motorbike as part-exchange. This is something a private seller is unlikely to offer.
- Dealers normally carry out checks on any motorcycles they sell. This means they might be in a better position to provide you with a service history.
Dealers might be able to offer finance options to spread the cost of your purchase. Bear in mind that dealer finance might not be the cheapest or most suitable way of borrowing. For example, you could consider a personal loan.
- Motorbikes from dealers are often more expensive than buying second-hand from a private seller.
Buying a used motorcycle privately
Private sales can certainly be cheaper.
If the seller can provide their motorbike's service history, this could be a great option.
But you might not get the same peace of mind you get when buying from a dealer.
Questions to ask a private used motorcycle seller
There are several questions you should ask the seller, ideally in front of a witness:
- Are there any modifications? - Some motorbike modifications might improve its performance or make it more valuable and attractive to thieves. It’s vital to tell your insurer about alterations like these as they could lead to higher insurance costs.
- Has the motorbike been involved in a crash? - Any previous accidents could mean the motorbike has structural damage or is at risk of being damaged further.
- Is there any outstanding finance? - The owner might still be paying off a personal loan used to buy the motorcycle. This shouldn’t affect you as it's not normally linked to the motorbike. But it could mean they're fraudulently selling the vehicle without the correct records.
Buying a motorbike on eBay
The auction website eBay is another option when you're looking for a used motorbike.
You can use a wide range of filters to narrow your motorbike search:
- Make, model or age
- Engine size
- Geographic location
The rating system used by eBay can be useful, especially if you’re buying from private sellers. You'll likely also find dealers listing their motorbikes on eBay.
Before you decide to proceed with a private sale, check the seller’s feedback scores. Pay particular attention to those posted most recently.
Mixed ratings from other people who’ve bought from the seller should be a warning sign.
Another warning sign includes failure to use pictures of the actual motorbike. Some sellers might use stock photos from the manufacturer, perhaps to make the sale seem more attractive. But this could also be because the motorcycle they’re selling is in poor condition.
And as with anything you see for sale online, if the price is too good to be true, it probably is.
What to look for when buying a used motorcycle
As with any purchase, you need to make sure what you’re buying is what was promised.
You also need to be sure the other party has the right to sell it to you.
- Is it safe?
- Are the documents genuine?
- If there’s a problem later on, will the seller be available to put it right or compensate you?
That’s why it’s crucial you take the time to make the appropriate checks on any second-hand motorbike that you're interested in.
It's also worth checking how much your motorbike insurance could be. You might be able to get cheaper motorbike insurance with a different model, for example.
Compare motorbike insurance quotes
Important checks to make before buying a used motorcycle
If you’re buying a second-hand motorbike, ideally you should see it in real life first. This is especially true if you’re buying from a private seller.
If you don’t feel confident enough to make these kinds of checks, take someone with you who is.
It’s not unusual to come across minor faults with a used motorbike. Anything you find on your inspection could be used to haggle for a lower price.
But if there seem to be several issues that the seller hasn’t warned you about, it might be best to walk away.
But what should you be looking for when you inspect a used motorcycle?
Has the motorbike been warmed up before you view it?
If you’re looking at the motorcycle at the owner’s home address, there’s no reason it should already be warm.
This could be an indication that the seller has taken steps to make sure it starts straight away when you turn the ignition.
As a buyer, you need to be sure it starts the first time, even when cold.
Are there stickers on the motorbike?
These aren’t necessarily a problem, but they may have been put on to hide small dents or other bodywork damage.
Is there damage underneath?
Check underneath the motorbike for any oil leaks or signs of damage to the exhaust.
Does the suspension work?
Check the suspension by bouncing the motorbike on the front and back tyres.
Are the brakes in working order?
Make sure the brake discs are unscored and that there’s plenty of material left on the brake pads.
Does the steering work as expected?
Ensure that the steering moves freely and that the lights, horn and indicator all work.
Taking a second-hand motorbike for a test ride
Most genuine sellers shouldn't mind you taking the motorbike for a test ride – especially if they haven’t got any issues to hide.
When test-driving a used motorbike, ask yourself:
- How does it start?
- Do the clutch, brake and throttle controls work smoothly?
- Is it straightforward to change gears?
- Is the suspension comfortable?
Before you ride off, make sure you or the owner has the right motorbike insurance policy to cover you during the test drive.
If not, you can get temporary motorbike insurance to cover you for that day.
What documents do I need when buying a used motorcycle
Always check the V5 registration document
Genuine V5s have a watermark. The details on it should match the motorbike you’re looking at and the identification of the person you’re buying from.
Any discrepancies, such as a different owner’s name or engine number, should be questioned. If you buy a stolen motorbike you could end up losing your money and the motorcycle.
Is there a valid MOT certificate?
All motorbikes older than 3 years need to have passed their motorbike MOT.
Does the mileage on the motorcycle match the history?
Look at the service history for more information.
You can also carry out a HPI check on the motorcycle’s registration plate to make sure it hasn’t been written off or stolen.
This should also let you check whether there’s any finance outstanding on it.