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Third-party insurance explained


All cars need to be insured – it’s the law. But you get to choose what level of cover your car has. Are the more basic options right for you?

Traffic on UK motorway

What does third-party only insurance cover?

Third-party only insurance (TPO) offers you the legal minimum level of cover, and is the most basic you’re able to get.

This kind of policy helps protect other people, vehicles and property in the event of an accident that was deemed to be your fault.

Say you drive into the rear of someone’s car, causing damage to the bumper and injuring the driver. Your third-party insurance would cover the cost of the other person’s car and medical expenses.

What isn’t covered, though, is damage to your own car or any injuries you suffer. For that, you’d need a comprehensive insurance policy . Otherwise those costs are on you.

In short, third-party only cover is the best way to ensure that, if someone suffers a road accident that isn’t their fault, their costs can be recuperated.

What does third-party, fire and theft insurance cover?

As well as third-party damage, third-party, fire and theft (TPFT) lets you claim for:

  • replacing your car if it’s stolen
  • damage that happens as the result of an attempted theft eg broken door locks or a stolen radio.
  • fire damage to the car

This cover for fire damage applies to accidental fires as well as arson – though you’ll need a crime reference number to claim for the latter.

Is third-party cover for me?

Masked man breaking into a car

Many people often opt for TPO or TPFT policies because they consider them to be cheaper than comprehensive cover.

This isn’t always true. In fact, you may find some cases where comprehensive insurance works out to be as cheap as TPFT.

You should also consider what potential benefits you’re missing out on when you decide against a comprehensive policy:

  • cover for damage to your own car
  • pay-out for a replacement car if yours is written off
  • cover for injuries you suffer in an accident
  • windscreen cover

    If your car is an older, inexpensive model that’s cheap to repair, then a third-party policy might be more suitable for you.

    A new, more expensive model might cost hundreds if not thousands of pounds to repair. In which case, having to foot the bill yourself could wipe out any savings you made by sticking with third-party cover.

    In any case, it’s worth looking at the different levels of protection when comparing policies so you’re not missing out for the sake of a few pounds.


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