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07 Jan 2021
Jamie Gibbs Jamie Gibbs

Driving in France


 Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France at night

A quick rundown of French driving laws, requirements and speed limits

Planning on making the long trek down to the Cote D’Azur, or you fancy tackling the traffic in Paris? Either way, it pays to know how French driving laws work before you're slapped with a fine or worse.


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International travel is restricted due to the coronavirus pandemic. Before making any plans to travel to France, check the GOV.UK website for the latest on travel restrictions to France.


Impact of Brexit on driving to France

The UK is no longer part of the EU.

To drive in France, you'll need:

  • A 'green card' from your insurer that proves you have valid insurance

  • A GB sticker for your car

  • A car insurance policy that allows travel to Europe

If you have a valid photocard driving licence, you won't need an International Driving Permit (IDP) to drive in France.

READ MORE: European travel in 2021 and beyond: what you need to know


What you need to drive in france 

What do I need to drive in France?

Before you load up your car ready for your road trip, be aware that there are some legal requirements for driving in France that differ from the UK.

Here’s a quick kit checklist of what you’ll need:

  • UK driving licence (minimum age 18)

  • V5C vehicle registration document (log book)

  • MOT certificate (if your car is more than three years old)

  • car insurance certificate

  • GB sticker or Europlates

  • warning triangle

  • high-vis jacket

  • breathalyser (calibrated to French alcohol limit)

  • headlamp converters

  • spare bulbs for lights

Speed camera detectors are illegal in France, so don’t even think about bringing one with you.

You can be fined up to ‎€1500 for having a radar detector in your car, even if it’s part of your satnav and switched off. If in doubt, get in touch with your satnav manufacturer and ask about using the device on French roads.

If you need to wear glasses while driving: You’ll need to have a spare pair in the car while driving in France.

Read more: Everything you need to know about international driving permits


Crit’Air badge

The new Crit'Air badge was introduced in 2017, which is necessary for accessing the changing environmental zones in France.

The badge is available in six colours. These distinguish older vehicles from newer ones, and will help identify a vehicles emissions.

In 2018, vehicles with a Crit’Air badge class 5 were banned from Paris and other cities are thought to follow in future. 

Eventually cars with EURO emissions standards 0 to 5 will be excluded from cities like Paris, Strasbourg, Grenoble and Lyon to name a few. 

You should also pay special attention to the ZPA zones (weather-depending environmental zones) which are put into place in bigger cities. These are usually active during an air pollution peak.

The status of these zones can change within 24 hours and can restrict the Crit'Air badges that would normally be authorised in this zone. 

These differ to the permanent ZCR zones where traffic is permanently restricted. 

If you ignore any of these restrictions you can receive a fine or the vehicle can be stopped and detained. 

For more information visit the Crit'Air website.


French rules of the road


The French alcohol limit is 0.5 mg/ml of blood. If you have fewer than three years’ experience behind the wheel, this is reduced to 0.2 mg/ml of blood. This is considerably lower than the UK’s drink-drive limit, so it’s best to not touch any alcohol if you’re planning on driving.

Yellow lines

If you see an unbroken yellow line, you can’t stop or park at the side of the road. If the yellow line is broken, you can stop there but can’t park. Go against this rule and you run the risk of being towed away.

Priorité à droite

Some French drivers may still use the archaic system of “priorité à droite” – right of way.

By this rule, all drivers should give way to traffic approaching from the right. These days, most roads have signs that indicate which drivers have priority, but country roads and smaller villages may still use priorité à droite.

If you have a French driver toot their horn angrily at you, chances are it’s because you didn’t follow this rule.

Traffic lights

It’s worth remembering that traffic lights in France go from red to green without any amber phase in-between.

French road signs

Common road signs in France

a. Give way / yield

b. 50 km/h speed limit applied while in this town

c-d. You have priority on this road

e-f. You don't have priority on this road


French toll roads

Most French motorways (autoroutes) have tolls along stretches of road.

All French motorways start with an A, so if you’re on one of these, be prepared to spend a few euros.

The exact amount you pay depends on what kind of vehicle you’re driving and how far you’re going. Different toll roads are owned by different companies, so rates are likely to change depending where you are.

You can pay these tolls by cash or card. And there’s also an automatic payment system called Emovis that allows you to drive through tolls without stopping.

This also helps British drivers since the toll booths are to the left of the car. So you’d have to stretch over the passenger’s seat to pay the toll otherwise.


French speed limits

Road type Speed limit If raining/inexperienced driver 
Road type Built-up areas Speed limit 50 km/h If raining/inexperienced driver 50km/h
Road type Outside built-up areas Speed limit 90 km/h If raining/inexperienced driver 80km/h
Road type Urban motorways / dual carriageways Speed limit 110 km/h If raining/inexperienced driver 100km/h
Road type Motorways Speed limit 130 km/h (minimum 80 km/h) If raining/inexperienced driver 110km/h

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