How to spot signs of damp
Learn how to spot the common signs of damp and be ready to tackle it.
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Signs of damp in a house
Some of the common signs of damp inside a house include:
A damp and musty smell
The appearance of mould or mildew on walls, floors or ceilings
Walls, floors or ceilings that feel cold or damp
Dark or discoloured patches on walls or plaster
Lifting or peeling wallpaper
Excessive condensation on windows
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What is damp?
If a house is suffering from a damp problem, it means there's unwanted moisture. It's usually found in the walls, ceilings or floors.
A damp problem can occur for a number of reasons. Some of these could be:
broken or missing roof tiles
moisture rising up from soil
bricks that are porous.
A small patch of damp on a wall initially might not seem too bad, but if it's not dealt with, it can cause problems.
Health issues like asthma can be exacerbated because of damp too.
Damp problems are categorised according to type. Penetrating damp tends to move horizontally across walls or ceilings, whereas rising damp moves vertically up walls.
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What are the signs of rising damp?
If you're worried that rising damp could be a problem, there are some particular signs that you can look out for. These include:
Damp patches that start at the base of a wall and gradually move upwards.
Skirting boards or plaster that is damp or rotting
Floor coverings, such as tiles, vinyl or carpet, that are wet and lifting
Peeling paint or wallpaper
The appearance of a white, powdery salt-like substance on a wall
Yellow or brown tide marks or staining on a wall
Rising damp can sometimes be tricky to deal with, and it's costly. If you suspect it could be an issue, get it checked by a professional as soon as possible.
Why is there damp on the outside walls?
Damp can occur on interior and exterior walls. If it's penetrating damp it's often due to structural problems, such as damaged guttering, roofing or cracks in the wall.
Old bricks can also become porous, which let water in.
As with internal walls, you might notice darker patches appearing on outside walls or, in the case of rising damp, dark swathes of tide lines rising up the walls.
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How do I check for damp?
In the early stages, the only indication of a possible damp problem might be a damp or musty smell.
To check for areas of damp in a house, carefully examine walls, floors and ceilings for any tell-tale signs. Feel for damp patches and peek under flooring that appears to be lifting.
If you suspect your house could have rising damp, a useful trick is to run your hands across the affected area. If it's damp, you should be able to feel the plaster salts – white deposits that are washed out of the bricks and into the plaster.
If there is wallpaper on the area, listen for a slight crunching sound as you move your hand over the salts.
But by far the the best way to check for damp is to use an expert surveyor. The surveyor will thoroughly check for any signs of damp inside or outside the property, identify what type of damp it is and the likely cause. They'll also offer advice on the best way to fix it.
How do I fix damp walls?
If you have penetrating damp due to porous bricks, replacing the bricks or painting them with a special exterior silicone water repellent paint can help fix the problem.
You can get anti-damp paint from most DIY stores.
Not all damp problems are easily resolved though and many involve the need for expert help.
Some of the fixes they might suggest are:
Having a cavity tray either replaced or fitted to stop water from the outside reaching the inner wall.
Have a new damp-proof barrier or damp course fitted.
Having the internal walls or floors sealed in damp-proofing material.
An expert will advise on the best approach to resolve your damp problems and the costs involved. It's always worth getting a couple of quotes from different tradespeople before deciding whose services to use.
It can be a real worry to experience damp in your home. To help reduce the risk of your property suffering from a damp problem, keep your house well maintained and promptly deal with any problems that arise.
This is especially important as damp problems caused by poor maintenance aren't covered by home insurance.
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